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Relevance theory

Over the past twenty years, relevance theory has become a key area of study within semantics and pragmatics. In this comprehensive new textbook, Billy Clark introduces the key elements of the theory and how they interconnect. The book is divided into two parts - the first providing an overview of the essential machinery of the theory, and the second exploring how the original theory has been ...Dividend Policy: A dividend policy is the policy a company uses to decide how much it will pay out to shareholders in the form of dividends. Some research and economic logic suggests that dividend ...Relevance Theory is a cognitively oriented theory of pragmatics, i.e., a theory of language use. It builds on the seminal work of H.P. Grice1 to develop a pragmatic theory which is at once philosophically sensitive and empirically plausible (in both psychological and evolutionary terms). This entry reviews the central commitments and chief ...Nov 27, 2013 · Relevance theory is a rather wide-ranging framework (or ‘research programme’—see below) for the study of cognition, devised primarily in order to provide an account of communication that is psychologically realistic and empirically plausible. It was originally proposed by Sperber and Wilson ( 1986b; 1987 ). This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Relevance and Cognition Relevance and Communication Relevance and Comprehension Relevance Theory and Mental Architecture Conclusion: An...In the financing world, there are two types of theories that are most talked about. The first type is the Dividend relevance theory, according to which the decision to give away dividends does have an impact on the value of the company. The second type is the Dividend irrelevance theories that suggest that the decision to impart dividends is ...Section 7.3 looks at the difference between implicated premises and implicated conclusions. Implicated premises are inferred so that they can then act as the input to further inferential processes. Implicated conclusions are inferred through the interaction of implicated premises with other assumptions, including explicatures of the utterance ...45 on the meaning of the verb say in the relevant sense). As the history of science, linguistics included, shows, pioneering ideas have to be not only developed, but also modified, often substantially. Relevance Theory (RT) adopted Grice’s general views that communication involves inference and that communicated meaning can be explained in Semiotics, the study of signs and sign-using behavior. It was defined by one of its founders, the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure, as the study of ‘the life of signs within society.’. The idea of semiotics as an interdisciplinary study emerged only in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.Relevance Theory is a cognitive-pragmatic approach to communication proposed by Sperber and Wilson in the mid-1980s (Sperber and Wilson, 1986). According to such theoretical framework, the ...Jun 1, 2022 · September 2019. Deirdre Wilson. Relevance theory is a cognitive approach to pragmatics which starts from two broadly Gricean assumptions: (a) that much human communication, both verbal and non ... The major goal of this paper is to argue that misunderstandings in verbal communication arise from a context mismatch. Using the analytical tools of relevance theory (Sperber and Wilson 1995 ...Relevance, first published in 1986, was named as one of the most important and influential books of the decade in the Times Higher Educational Supplement. This revised edition includes a new Preface outlining developments in Relevance Theory since 1986, discussing the more serious criticisms of the theory, and envisaging possible revisions or extensions.to assess their continued relevance and to make them more efficient. The rationalisation introduced by this measure will not negatively affect the achievement of the objectives in …This book is an application of relevance theory, a c o gnitive pragmatics theory of human communication, to different ty pes of humorous discourse (jokes, stand-u p monologues, humorous ironies ...Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory of learning explains that learning occurs during social interactions between individuals. It is one of the dominant theories of education today. It believes learning happens first through social interaction and second through individual internalization of social behaviors. In the sociocultural theory, students ...Option pricing theory is the theory of how options are valued in the market. Option pricing theory is the theory of how options are valued in the market. The Black-Scholes model is the most common option pricing theory. All options are deri...The resulting collaboration between employees and employers evolved into the teamwork that people now enjoy. 2. Systems Management Theory. Systems management offers an alternative approach to the planning and management of organizations. The systems management theory proposes that businesses, like the …Assessment of relevance is aided by a theory of change, logic model and/or other explicit design rationale as this provides important insights for assessing relevance of design. Evaluators should identify if this exists and, where necessary, work with stakeholders to help them reconstruct or clearly articulate the theory of change as a starting point for the …Relevance theory, the premise that a hearer will make the effort to process a communication if he or she feels it will alter or enrich his/her cognitive environment, can be useful for increasing the effectiveness of advertising communication. It is particularly helpful for analyzing and improving the effectiveness of the creative devices often used in advertising language to add interest and ...Relevance theory is based on a definition of relevance and two principles of relevance: a Cognitive Principle (that human cognition is geared to the maximisation of relevance), and a Communicative Principle (that utterances create expectations of optimal relevance).Relevance Theory and Translation. The roots of relevance theory are grounded in a cognitive method that originally upheld two assumptions. The first included the belief that most human communication consists of overt expression and recognition of intention. The second related to the first by inferring that two or more communicators expect ...Jun 1, 2022 · Using relevance theory to investigate recorded conversations involving people with communication differences in communication abilities – in the context of aphasia and autism respectively – Jagoe and Wharton, and Williams, apply relevance theory to two relatively under-explored domains, each of which is ripe for pragmatic analysis. Over the past twenty years, relevance theory has become a key area of study within semantics and pragmatics. In this comprehensive new textbook, Billy Clark introduces the key elements of the theory and how they interconnect. The book is divided into two parts - the first providing an overview of the essential machinery of the theory, and the ...Abstract. "Relevance" has been a favorite concept in the last few years. Questions about the relevance of an institution, an activity, or a subject are often asked (and less often answered). We take it that relevance must refer, at least implicitly, to a relation with some body of values or purposes. Thus a subject may be relevant in the ...3 Relevance theory and lexical pragm atics . Relevance theory is bas ed on a def inition of relevance and two general principles: a . Cognitive and a Communicative Principle of Rele vance. 15.Relevance Theory is a cognitive-pragmatic approach to communication proposed by Sperber and Wilson in the mid-1980s (Sperber and Wilson, 1986). According to such theoretical framework, the ...University-wide relevance appraisals: A mixed-methods examination. Poster presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL. [Google Scholar] Albrecht, J. R. & Karabenick, S. A. (2016, August). Conceptual explication of relevance in motivational theory. Organized symposium at the International Conference on ...pragmatik semantik (antara lain), proses komunikasi pesan inferensi dan konteks. Landasan untuk teori relevansi didirikan oleh ilmuwan kognitif Dan Sperber dan Deirdre Wilson dalam "Relevance: Communication and Cognition" (1986; direvisi 1995). Sejak itu, Sperber dan Wilson telah memperluas dan memperdalam diskusi tentang teori relevansi dalam ...The relevance theory is a cognitive pragmatic theory considerably influential in the West in recent years, though its impacts have gone far beyond the limits of pragmatics. Translation ranks among ...Apr 4, 2023 · Relevance Theory of Dividends: Definition Several authors, including M. Gorden, John Linter, James Walter, and Richardson, are associated with the relevance theory of dividends. According to these authors, a well-reasoned dividend policy can positively influences a firm's position in the stock market . Topics: Grice and meaning; Grice's 'theory of conversation'; critiques of Grice; the development of relevance theory; other approaches. Overview. Now that we've had a first look at relevance theory as a whole, this chapter fleshes out the picture by considering how it developed from the ground-breaking work of Paul Grice.Relevance Theory, a controversial but flexible approach to communication, may provide a viable framework for gauging subtitling quality. The interplay between relevance, communicative intention ...A theory based on two general principles Although based on Gricean pragmatics, relevance theory builds on it by rejecting some of its foundational postulates. Grice (1957, 1975) claimed that the Cooperative Principle and a series of maxims -those of quantity, quality, relevance and manner- govern communication.A decade of relevance theory. Journal of Pragmatics, Vol. 30, Issue. 3, p. 305. CrossRef; Google Scholar; Tian, Ye Ferguson, Heather and Breheny, Richard 2016. Processing negation without context – why and when we represent the positive argument.Relevance is a measure of the importance of an observation to a prediction. In regression analysis, relevance is determined by the independent variables, and the prediction pertains to a dependent variable. Relevance has two components, similarity and informativeness. This definition is hardly arbitrary.from different perspectives of cultural translation theory, relevance theory, skopos theory, information theory and pragmatics, and drew their own conclusions accordingly. B. Existing Problems Because of the unique characteristics of Chinese idioms, many researchers believe that idiom translation is the most difficult part.Relevance Theory Glossary 377 contextual effects: the result of a fruitful (i.e. relevant) interaction between a newly impinging stimulus and a subset of the assumptions already in the cognitive system; there are three main kinds of contextual (cognitive) effects: supporting and so strengthening existing assumptions, contradicting and ...Relevance Theory claims that the correct speech-act can be inferred from con-text, and the correct interpretation would elicit more positive cognitive effects for. the same processing effort than ...Feb 21, 2011 · Relevant Theory (RT) is the development of Grice’s Relevance Maxim and is regarded as the most important and influential cognitive pragmatic theory in recent years. RT provides us with a new approach to pragmatics, which attempts to answer not only philosophical questions about the nature of communication but also psychological questions ... Relevance theory (RT) and cognitive information science are mutually reinforcing. RT affords a clearer understanding of relevance in the dialogues of information retrieval (IR). Information science is a rich source of data for testing RT's explanatory powers.Option pricing theory is the theory of how options are valued in the market. Option pricing theory is the theory of how options are valued in the market. The Black-Scholes model is the most common option pricing theory. All options are deri...Relevance theory is applicable to all acts of communication: in earlier research, they have been applied to literary texts (Wilson 2012; Cave and Wilson 2018) and to museum art (McCallum and Scott ...relevant when the hearer forms an individuating conceptual repre- sentation of 'book'.) This Relevance Theoretic characterization of the semantics of the is in ...In the relevant theory, there are two different principles of humans concerning human communication and cognition. In this section of the sample essay. we shall be looking at these two principles. Cognitive Principle. The first principle is known as the Cognitive principle of relevance. It says that human cognition directly concerns the ...Abstract. After showing how relevance theory is rooted in Grice’s “communicative principles,” the chapter explains the most important dimensions of “classic,” spoken …A central diagnostic and anecdotal feature of autism is difficulty with social communication. We take the position that communication is a two-way, intersubjective phenomenon—as described by the double empathy problem—and offer up relevance theory (a cognitive account of utterance interpretation) as a means of explaining such communication difficulties. Relevance, first published in 1986, was named as one of the most important and influential books of the decade in the Times Higher Educational Supplement. This revised edition includes a new Preface outlining developments in Relevance Theory since 1986, discussing the more serious criticisms of the theory, and envisaging possible revisions or extensions.• Relevance theory is a cognitive psychological theory. • The Cognitive Principle of Relevance • The Communicative Principle of Relevance • Relevance theory does not provide an absolute measure. of mental effort or cognitive effect and does not assume such a measure is available to spontaneous workings of the mind.Translation and Relevance . DOI link for Translation and Relevance. Translation and Relevance. Cognition and Context By Ernst-August Gutt. ... this book has evoked strong responses. Its central claim is that given a comprehensive theory of inferential communication, there is no need for a special theory of translation. This has …Relevance theory (Sperber and Wilson, 1986) provides an interesting cognitive framework for the study of how interpretation takes place in face-to-face interaction. However, the applicability of this theory extends beyond conversation and this article also outlines how grammar can be analysed from a relevance-theoretic perspective.The systems approach to management looks at a business in the same way. We can think of an organization as a series of systems and subsystems that interact with one another to create the overall organizational system. In businesses, a system refers to a cohesive collection of resources, activities and information.Relevance Theory, as formulated by Sperber and Willson (1986/1995) offers insights into two aspects of messages that need to be understood in communication: explicatures and implicatures. While implicatures may seem more problematic to resolve in real life situations, explicatures often pose significant difficulty in translation. ...The Theory of Relevance (Sperber and Wilson) The theory of relevance is based on the dimensioning to one of Grice's maxims. However, it is not only an extension or modification of Grice's theory, but it proposes a different way of explaining the process of linguistic communication . In short, the theory of relevance is very much in line ...Attribution Theory: The Psychology of Interpreting Behavior. In psychology, attribution is a judgment we make about the cause of another person's behavior. Attribution theory explains these attribution processes, which we use to understand why an event or behavior occurred. To understand the concept of attribution, imagine that a new friend ...Sperber & Wilson's Relevance Theory Peirce developed a pragmatic theory of meaning, which appeals to the PM. It says that the meaning of a concept 1The reference is to Peirce (1931{1958) by volume and paragraph number. is the sum total of its implications for possible observa-tions and actions. I argue that we may classify the Rele-The theory of the spiral of silence arose from a surprising discovery in connection with election research conducted during the 1965 German federal election campaign. Months before election day in September 1965, Noelle-Neumann and her staff at the Allensbach Institute for Public Opinion Research launched a series of surveys designed to track the …of how relevance can be realized is tractable. We will call this a theory of relevance realization. Our argument is analogous to the idea that one cannot have a theory of biological fitness, but one can have a theory of the mechanisms of natural selection that realize it. To draw this all together, weIn Gricean theory, the idea of "relevance", mostly part of the maxim of relation, was pretty vague; we just assumed that cooperative speakers say things that are "relevant" to the conversation. But in Relevance Theory, there is a very specific and technical description of what "relevance" is. According to Relevance Theory, we always assume that ...

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Relevance Theory claims that in every case, the task of the addressee is to find an interpretation consistent with the principle of relevance that is an interpretation which the communicator could manifestly have expected to be optimally relevant. Hence, Sperber and Wilson propose the presumption of optimal relevance.Determinacy worries help motivate one influential and sweeping reworking of Gricean pragmatics, the relevance theory of Sperber and Wilson (1995). In an early and somewhat simplified formulation (Sperber and Wilson 1985), relevance theory takes metaphor to be an especially dramatic form of loose talk and takes talk in general to be at least ...The Best Cultural Relevance Strategy in Translating English Film Titles into Chinese [J]. Heilongjiang Higher Education Research, 2011, (12): 188-190. The paper aims to investigate how a Chinese ...Relevance theory is a proposal by Dan Sperber and Deirdre Wilson that seeks to explain the second method of communication: one that takes into account implicit inferences.It argues that the hearer/reader/audience will search for meaning in any given communication situation and having found meaning that fits their expectation of relevance, will stop processing.May 5, 1989 · Relevance Theory (henceforth RT) is propounded by Sperber and Wilson (1986) (Wang, 2014: 247). In fact, the principle of relevance is not like Grice's theory because it is neither maxim nor a ... Relevance theory, like other broadly Gricean approaches to pragmatics, takes as its starting point three of Grice's assumptions about verbal communication. The first is that a sentence meaning is a vehicle for conveying a speaker's meaning, where a speaker's meaning is anCPR theory strengthens RT by clarifying what it means to be relevant – and irrelevant – in relevance-theoretic terms. Meanwhile, it provides rhetoric a set of ...There is, in fact, no such thing as "translation theory" per se. Rather, there are different theories of translation which may provide "organized set[s] of principles and procedures" to produce "good translations" (Jin & Nida, 2006, p. 7), or which may describe normative approaches to translate utterances (Toury, 2012).While some focus on the specific procedures involved in ...The notion of context in Relevance Theory is a psychological one, and prima facie very different from the notion of context that is invoked by Kaplan and others working in the formal semantics tradition. In Relevance Theory, context is conceived of as the mutual cognitive environment of the partners in a conversation. This paper explores ...Over the past twenty years, relevance theory has become a key area of study within semantics and pragmatics. In this comprehensive new textbook, Billy Clark introduces the key elements of the theory and how they interconnect. This article contains a precise presentation of Grice’s notion of conversational implicature and discusses some of the conceptual difficulties associated with this notion, as well as related developments in neo-Gricean pragmatics and Relevance Theory. Grandy, Richard E., and Richard Warner. 2006. “Paul Grice.”There is, in fact, no such thing as "translation theory" per se. Rather, there are different theories of translation which may provide "organized set[s] of principles and procedures" to produce "good translations" (Jin & Nida, 2006, p. 7), or which may describe normative approaches to translate utterances (Toury, 2012).While some focus on the specific procedures involved in ...In the age of digital media and instant news updates, it may seem like newspaper delivery subscriptions have become a thing of the past. However, there are several reasons why these subscriptions are still relevant today.Among these approaches, relevance theory has proposed an ostensive-inferential approach to communication, whereby the addressee seeks to infer the speaker's intention. Such an approach seems to be .......

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"That Relevance Theory (RT) is capable in principle of explaining social or interpersonal dimensions of verbal communication has been adequately documented in the literature (as partly summarized in Wilson and Sperber, 2005).Of all the available attempts at applying the theory in this direction, the most discussed issue is perhaps politeness.The lexical pragmatic processes that relevance theory heavily relies on to account for communication are problematic. Broadening and narrowing no longer seem suitable to explain how "conceptual" meanings are modified in the comprehension processes if considering recent developments around the concept definitions and how the mind works.'Three decades ago, relevance theory promised an exciting approach to the intricate relation between the linguistic and the extralinguistic. Putting pragmatics centre stage, the theory soon moved beyond Grice to develop into a whole new research programme. This volume provides rich evidence that relevance theory has made good on its promise.'Relevance theory is introduced as a possible alternative basis for the theory of politeness, containing a relevance scale for each utterance depending on the context of the interaction, thus enabling the evaluation of the success of polite behaviour. In the practical section of the article, the analysis of the politeness strategy "Notice ...'Three decades ago, relevance theory promised an exciting approach to the intricate relation between the linguistic and the extralinguistic. Putting pragmatics centre stage, the theory soon moved beyond Grice to develop into a whole new research programme. This volume provides rich evidence that relevance theory has made good on its promise.'The second section will provide some analysis and account of relevance theory, especially its account of poetic metaphor. Here, the discussion will be focused on the relevance and implicatures of poetic metaphors and their function in the process of literary communication. In the final part of the paper I will scrutinise stylistic and literary ...Abstract This paper explores the nature of clickbaiting as a form of viral journalism from a relevance-theoretic perspective ( Sperber and Wilson 1995 ; Wilson and Sperber 2012 ). The focus is on deceptive clickbaits, i.e., manipulative internet headlines whose interpretation, based on the way they are worded, leads to opening an information gap, thus luring the reader into clicking on the ...The full breadth and richness of relevance theory is represented here, both in its applications to problems of utterance interpretation, that fall squarely within the domain of pragmatics, and its implications for linguistic semantics. Several papers investigate and assess the theory's account of figurative uses of language, such as irony ...RELEVANCE THEORY..... franciscoyus 27.1 Cognition..... Relevancetheory (henceforth RT) is a cognitive pragmatics theory of human communication which was developed in the mid-1980s by Dan Sperber ...Relevance Theory through Pragmatic Theories of Meaning Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen ([email protected]) Department of Philosophy; P. O. Box 9 FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland Abstract is the sum total of its implications for possible observa- tions and actions. I argue that we may classify the Rele- A century ago, Peirce ...Common Social Work Theories. Social workers can incorporate components of several different clinical theories in their work with clients. Some popular approaches for social workers include theories of systems, social learning, psychosocial development, psychodynamic, transpersonal, and rational choice. Many of these theories have been …Pragmatics is shown as the outermost layer. In linguistics and related fields, pragmatics is the study of how context contributes to meaning. The field of study evaluates how human language is utilized in social interactions, as well as the relationship between the interpreter and the interpreted. [1] Linguists who specialize in pragmatics are ...By analyzing the theoretical framework of relevance theory, it can be inferred that relevance is a constant term, but context is changing and dynamic, so it is a variable term. Relevance theory is based on two interrelated principles: communicative principle and cognitive principle. 2.1. Communicative Principles of Relevance Theory my relevance-theoreti c allegiances, but I am lookin g as much for points of agreement and / or complementarity between Relevance Theory and Horn's neo-Gricean framework as for divergences.Mackinder's paper suggested that the control of Eastern Europe was vital to control of the world. Mackinder postulated the following, which became known as the Heartland Theory: The "heartland" he also referred to as the "pivot area" and as the core of Eurasia, and he considered all of Europe and Asia as the World Island. In the age of …...

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In 1964, Canadian professor of psychology Victor Vroom from the Yale School of Management developed this theory. In it, he studied people’s motivation levels and concluded that human motivation depends on three factors: expectancy, instrumentality and valence. Abraham Maslow and Frederick Herzberg also researched the relation between …The relevance of psychology in financial planning Financial Planning Financial planning is a structured approach to understanding your current and future financial goals and then ... Financial advisors combine traditional concepts with elements of behavioral finance theory while developing strategies to strengthen the client relationship ...Relevance theory is a new way which attempts to show the nature of communication. Based on the classic code-model and Grice's inferential model, relevance theory holds "every act of ostensive ...Coming up with theories is at the heart of the scientific process. In simplest terms, observations of a phenomenon lead to an educated guess about what is causing it or how it works. Experiments or other forms of research then test this guess or hypothesis . If these guesses are confirmed, a theory emerges. If it's a powerful one, it will ...Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory. Abraham Maslow first introduced the concept of a hierarchy of needs in his 1943 paper, titled "A Theory of Human Motivation," and again in his subsequent book, "Motivation and Personality." This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other, more advanced needs.The present paper aims to analyse the translation of puns from a Relevance-Theory perspective. Relevance Theory is a cognitive-pragmatic approach to communication proposed by Sperber and Wilson in the mid-1980s (Sperber and Wilson, 1986).According to such theoretical framework, the relation between a translation and its source text is considered to be based on interpretive resemblance, rather ...Relevance theory takes intended speaker meanings to be derived inferentially from . encoded linguistic meanings and assumes that there is a systematic gap between the .This paper deals with the relevance of relevance theory to the teaching and learning of literary translation to Arabic speaking students. It also seeks to demonstrate that the use of a relevance-theoretic framework to teach translation practice to Arab students can yield positive outcomes in terms of accuracy, communicative potential and faithfulness to the original writer's intentions ...The second section will provide some analysis and account of relevance theory, especially its account of poetic metaphor. Here, the discussion will be focused on the relevance and implicatures of poetic metaphors and their function in the process of literary communication. In the final part of the paper I will scrutinise stylistic and literary ...The notion of context in Relevance Theory is a psychological one, and prima facie very different from the notion of context that is invoked by Kaplan and others working in the formal semantics tradition. In Relevance Theory, context is conceived of as the mutual cognitive environment of the partners in a conversation. This paper explores ......

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The six steps to apply Havelock’s theory of change in nursing are studying the hospital environment, diagnosing the problem, finding the relevant resources, picking a solution, accepting the plan of action and monitoring the change.According to Relevance Theory, communication is built on "the ability to draw inferences from people's behaviour" (Gutt 2000: 24), that is, the communicator passes meaning on to the audience in a verbal or a non-verbal way through "informative intention" (cf. Sperber and Wilson: 54-60). It is a subtype of a speaker's intentions ...Counsellor is an ‘expert ’ and helps the client to realise how childhood experiences affect their life today. Counsellor is an ‘expert ’ and helps the client to think more rationally about life. Believes that humans can self-heal if the core conditions are in place. The basis of the model is parent, adult and child ego states.Motivation is a huge field of study. Psychologists have proposed many different theories of motivation. Some of the most famous motivational theories include the following: 1. Maslow’s Theory of Hierarchical Needs. Abraham Maslow postulated that a person will be motivated when all his needs are fulfilled.between relevance theory and cooperative principle. They can be summarized into four aspects: adding the word "ostensive"; the definition of meaning; the explanation of context and objects and methods. Keywords Relevance Theory; Cooperative Principle; Differences. 1. Introduction Relevance Theory is a new approach to pragmatics.Marzano teacher effectiveness also includes the use of games and simulations to encourage student interest. He believes students should be physically active, encounter friendly controversy, and relate content to their own lives. Establishing rules and procedures at the beginning of the year will create a classroom atmosphere that fosters ...Relevance Theory does not seem to offer any objective diagnostics (or at least I have not yet noticed any) for determining what is propositional content (or "explicature") vs. what is an implicature. Relevance theorists just say that one thing is an explicature and another is not. While the distinction does seem well-motivated and necessary, I ...Sperber & Wilson's Relevance Theory Peirce developed a pragmatic theory of meaning, which appeals to the PM. It says that the meaning of a concept 1The reference is to Peirce (1931{1958) by volume and paragraph number. is the sum total of its implications for possible observa-tions and actions. I argue that we may classify the Rele-A few early works on. relevance theory suggested that these non-propositional effects, typically associated with. figurative utterances, might call for a new type of 'rhetorical' mechanism ...Abstract This paper presents an application of Relevance Theory (Sperber and Wilson, 1995) to pictures by studying the role that weak implicatures may play in the persuasiveness of multimodal argumentative discourse. We take a relevance-theoretic approach to the discussion of visual and multimodal argumentation with a particular focus on the role of onomatopoeia.Wharton (2009) applies relevance theory in considering nonverbal communication but does not focus on stylistic analysis. 12 For overview discussions of relevance theory and stylistics, seeClark ... or...

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